Case study

Reducing risk and costs of suspension bridge


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NÖMAYG Joint Venture

The Izmit Bay Bridge is a three kilometre-long suspension bridge that will span the boundary between the Anatolian and Eurasian plates. It is under construction at one of the world’s most seismically active locations - the source of two major earthquakes in 1999. The area is underlain by deep deposits of soft soils and unstable and liquefiable soils.

Life cycle

Planning, feasibility, conceptual design



Operations and maintenance


Show full process

The fundamental unknowns and risks for the design and execution of major bridges are the local subsurface conditions and the environmental loads. Since the bridge will experience significant earthquakes and the site is underlain by poor soils, characterising the geological, seismological and geotechnical setting and developing appropriate seismic design criteria was critical for NÖMAYG to finance the project and obtain meaningful bids from EPC contractors.

NÖMAYG selected Fugro to provide data collection, interpretation and consultancy services that could be relied upon by the construction contractors. Rapid execution was essential to the financing scheme and a challenging 4-month schedule was set.

Construction in seismically active locations

km long suspension bridge

Izmit Bay Bridge project

Project area

Site investigation

Our experts worked with NÖMAYG’s technical team to develop an appropriate multidisciplinary workscope to meet the taxing schedule and the risk mitigation goals. Mobilising equipment and expert personnel from 14 centres in Europe and North America, we provided:

  • Region wide offshore geophysical surveys

  • Alignment-specific deepwater, nearshore and onshore geotechnical investigations

  • Onshore geophysical surveys

  • Onshore paleoseismic investigations and geologic mapping (Byzantine aqueducts offset by the faults were mapped)

All site work was successfully completed within the schedule. A flexible contracting mechanism and preliminary interpretations in parallel with the site investigations enabled modifications to the workscope to address additional risks and hazards identified in the initial stages.


Used technology

Geo-Risk Management Framework

Geo-Risk Management Framework

The Geo-Risk Management Framework is a unique conceptual framework that guides approaches to managing risk associated with the development and management of natural and built assets.

Consultancy and design services

Our data interpretation enabled us to:

  • map the North Anatolian fault zone relative to the bridge

  • define subsurface conditions in the area around the bridge alignment

  • develop design data at the bridge foundation locations

Adopting an integrated site characterisation approach, we captured the geophysical and geotechnical data in a proprietary GIS database, shortening the overall interpretation timeframe and allowing tender design to proceed concurrently. Conceptual foundation design and earthquake engineering interpretations addressed the major site-specific design issues.

The result was a robust bid basis for bridge contractors coupled with the ability to persuade banks to finance what was perceived to be a relatively high-risk project.

Izmit Bay Bridge project

Fault mapping

We are pleased to work closely with the NÖMAYG Joint Venture on this complex and challenging project and to deliver a timely result that provides critical information for the development of the Izmit Bay Bridge.

Paul van Riel

How we can help you

We provide data collection, interpretation and consultancy services which can be relied upon by construction contractors, for any high-risk location.

Site investigation (CPT and drilling) and monitoring
Performing CPT, drilling and monitoring of the Grimburgwal canal in Amsterdam

What we do at Fugro

Helping you save time with Geo-data

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